最新报告起底美“富可敌国”大学 他们到底多有钱

                                                        时间:2019-09-29 19:00:22 作者:admin 热度:99℃
                                                        110求助119 本题目:最新陈述起底好国“金玉满堂”的年夜教,他们事实多有钱?

                                                          图 via AP
                                                          最新陈述显现,好国有些年夜教“金玉满堂”。

                                                          图 via Shutterstock
                                                          据好国网站“校园变革”(Campus Reform)报导,哈佛年夜教2018年的捐赠基金,到达383亿美圆,超越天下上一半国度所具有的财产。

                                                          图 via Shutterstock
                                                          而哈佛年夜教并不是好国独一一所“金玉满堂”的年夜教。耶鲁年夜教、斯坦祸年夜教、普林斯顿年夜教、麻省理工、宾夕法僧亚年夜教、德克萨斯年夜教系统、稀歇根年夜教、和东南年夜教等好国年夜教具有的财产均超越了天下上的很多国度。

                                                          图 via Shutterstock
                                                          “America‘s public schooling system may be in trouble, but its top universities are anything but,” said a story by Stacker, which compared the multibillion endowments of 50 American colleges to the “total wealth” of world nations as estimated by Credit Suisse。 

                                                          图 via Shutterstock
                                                          Stacker网站正在一篇报导中道:“好国的公坐教诲系统能够碰到了费事,但它的顶尖年夜教却近非如斯。”报导将50所好国年夜教的数十亿美圆捐赠基金取瑞士瑞疑银止估量的天下列国的“总财产”停止了比力。

                                                          图 via Shutterstock
                                                          The list saw five universities – including Princeton, Stanford, Yale, and the University of Texas System – beat over half of world‘s 195 economies。 Topping the list with its massive .3 billion endowment came Harvard。

                                                          图 via Shutterstock
                                                          包罗普林斯顿年夜教、斯坦祸年夜教、耶鲁年夜教战德克萨斯年夜教系统正在内的五所年夜教(一切用的财产)超越了环球195个经济体的一半。哈佛年夜教以383亿美圆的巨额捐钱位居榜尾。

                                                          ▲Harvard is wealthier than half the world’s countries… because someone has to prop up the status quo (via RT)

                                                          1。 Harvard University

                                                          哈佛年夜教

                                                          - Location: Boston, MA

                                                          地位:波士顿,马萨诸塞州

                                                          - 2018 endowment: .3 billion (up 6.3% from 2017)

                                                          2018年捐赠基金:383亿美圆(比2017年下跌6.3%)

                                                          - More wealth than: 109 countries

                                                          财产超越109个国度

                                                          - Wealth equal to: Paraguay (.9B) and Kiribati ({内容}.3B) with million leftover

                                                          财产相称于:比巴推圭(379亿美圆)战基里巴斯(3亿美圆)两国财产的总战借要多2100万美圆

                                                          2。 University of Texas System (system-wide)

                                                          德克萨斯年夜教系统

                                                          - Location: Austin, TX

                                                          地位:奥斯汀,德克萨斯州

                                                          - 2018 endowment: .9 billion (up 16.4% from 2017)

                                                          2018年捐赠基金:309亿美圆(比2017年下跌16.4%)

                                                          - More wealth than: 102 countries

                                                          财产超越102个国度

                                                          - Wealth equal to: Papua New Guinea (.1B) and Bhutan (.8B) with million leftover

                                                          财产相称于:比巴布亚新几内亚(281亿美圆)战没有丹(28亿美圆)两国财产的总战借要多4700万美圆

                                                          3。 Yale University

                                                          耶鲁年夜教

                                                          - Location: New Haven, CT

                                                          地位:纽乌文,康涅狄格州

                                                          - 2018 endowment: .4 billion (up 8% from 2017)

                                                          2018年捐赠基金:294亿美圆(比2017年下跌8%)

                                                          - More wealth than: 102 countries

                                                          财产超越102个国度

                                                          - Wealth equal to: Papua New Guinea (.1B) and Sierra Leone (.3B) with million leftover

                                                          财产相称于:比巴布亚新几内亚(281亿美圆)战塞推利昂(13亿美圆)两国财产的总战借要多500万美圆

                                                          4。 Stanford University

                                                          斯坦祸年夜教

                                                          - Location: Stanford, CA

                                                          地位:斯坦祸,减利祸僧亚州

                                                          - 2018 endowment: .5 billion (up 6.8% from 2017)

                                                          2018年捐赠基金:265亿美圆(比2017年下跌6.8%)

                                                          - More wealth than: 100 countries

                                                          财产超越100个国度

                                                          - Wealth equal to: Zimbabwe (.1B) and Kiribati ({内容}.3B) with million leftover

                                                          财产相称于:比津巴布韦(261亿美圆)战基里巴斯(3亿美圆)两国财产的总战借要多6100万美圆

                                                          5。 Princeton University

                                                          普林斯顿年夜教

                                                          - Location: Princeton, NJ

                                                          地位:普林斯顿,新泽西州

                                                          - 2018 endowment: .9 billion (up 8.8% from 2017)

                                                          2018年捐赠基金:259亿美圆(比2017年下跌8.8%)

                                                          - More wealth than: 98 countries

                                                          财产超越98个国度

                                                          - Wealth equal to: Senegal (.2B) and Cayman Islands (.5B) with 9 million leftover

                                                          财产相称于:比塞内减我(232亿美圆)战开曼群岛(25亿美圆)两国财产的总战借要多2.59亿美圆

                                                          即使是排名第50位的韦我斯利教院(Wellesley College),其捐钱基金也超越了26个国度的财产。

                                                          50。 Wellesley College

                                                          韦我斯利教院

                                                          - Location: Wellesley, MA

                                                          地位:韦我斯利,马萨诸塞州

                                                          - 2018 endowment: .1 billion (up 9% from 2017)

                                                          2018年捐赠基金:21亿美圆(比2017年下跌9%)

                                                          - More wealth than: 26 countries

                                                          财产超越26个国度

                                                          - Wealth equal to: Maldives (.1B) with million leftover

                                                          财产相称于:比马我代妇(21亿美圆)借要多600万美圆

                                                          Stacker的报导称,年夜教捐赠基金的运做体例相似于免税对冲基金。

                                                          Private institutions often use nonprofit status to avoid tax, but a provision of the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act will levy a small tax on schools with funds totaling more than 0,000 per student。 Harvard has 36,012 students, with an endowment per student average of more than million。

                                                          私家机构常常操纵非营利性身份去躲税,但2017年《加税取失业法案》的一项条目对门生均匀捐钱资金总额超越50万美圆的黉舍征支小额税款。哈佛有36012论理学死,每一个门生的均匀捐钱超越100万美圆。

                                                          ▲Harvard is wealthier than more than HALF of the world’s countries (via Campus Reform)

                                                          关于若何利用那笔数额庞大的捐钱,哈佛年夜教出有背“校园变革”网站做出回应。

                                                          不外,具有14个分收机构的德克萨斯年夜教系统,夸大他们对捐赠资金的利用体例是无限造的。

                                                          Karen Adler, the director of media relations for the UT system, defended the university’s systems massive endowment, making sure to highlight that there are restrictions on the ways in which their endowment can be spent。

                                                          德克萨斯年夜教系统的媒体干系主管凯伦·阿德勒为该校系统的巨额捐赠停止了辩解,夸大捐钱的利用体例是无限造的。

                                                          “The UT System endowment is made up of several different endowments and they all have different restrictions on how they can be spent,” Adler said in a short comment。 “The Texas Constitution stipulates how money from the Permanent University Fund – which constitutes a large portion of the UT System endowment – can be spent。”

                                                          阿德勒正在一则冗长的批评中道讲:“德克萨斯年夜教系统的捐赠基金由几种差别的捐赠基金构成,它们对若何利用捐赠基金皆有差别的限定。《德克萨斯州宪法》划定了若何利用永世年夜教基金的资金,该基金占德克萨斯年夜教系统捐赠基金的很年夜一部门。”

                                                          Adler pointed out that large private donations are responsible for a large portion of the massive endowment。 “Philanthropic gifts make up another significant portion of the endowment。 Donors specify how the money is to be spent (scholarships, professorships, research, etc。), and the university is responsible for honoring donor intent。 In general, most gifts are restricted,” Adler added。

                                                          阿德勒指出,大批的私家捐赠占了巨额捐赠的很年夜一部门。“慈悲捐赠是捐赠基金的另外一个主要构成部门。捐赠人指定资金将若何利用(用于奖教金、传授职位、研讨等),年夜教卖力尊敬捐赠人的志愿。普通来讲,年夜大都捐赠皆是受限定的,”阿德勒弥补讲。

                                                          ▲Report: Harvard Has More Money Than Half of the World’s Countries (via breitbart.com)

                                                          
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